Children dating during divorce
Divorce and parental separation are damaging to children, families, the economy, and society as a whole, and this paper outlines these adverse effects.
While recognizing that not all children or parents will experience every negative consequence listed below, given the seriousness of these adverse outcomes and the magnitude of the issue, it is important that pediatricians support public policies that promote the health and preservation of the child’s biologic family.
Nearly one in five births to women in their thirties was non-marital in 2007 compared with one in seven in 2002. In 1970, 84% of children lived with their married biologic parents, whereas by 2009, only 60% did so.
In 2009, only 29% of African-American children lived with their married biologic parents, while 50% were living in single-mother homes. Children of divorce in the 1990s: An update of the Amato and Klein (1991) meta-analysis.
It is also important to note that violence in a home is never acceptable and can have serious adverse effects on children’s behavior, development, academic success, and future health.
The majority of divorces affect younger children since 72% of divorces occur during the first 14 years of marriage.
Because a high percentage of divorced adults remarry, and 40% of these remarriages also end in divorce, children may be subjected to multiple family realignments. Children of divorce in the 1990s: An update of the Amato and Klein (1991) meta-analysis.
The precipitating causes of divorce have also changed over time. A generation at risk: Growing up in an era of family upheaval.
Thus, parents may not have as much emotional strength and time to invest in parenting, i.e., the parents experience a “moratorium on parenting.” 2.
Although laws are gradually changing, most children spend more time with one custodial parent and obviously have less time with each parent overall. For most children, this means much less time spent with their fathers. The child may also spend less time with their mother as she may need to work longer hours to support the family. Custodial mothers experience the loss of 25 to 50% of their pre-divorce income. Women who divorced in the past 12 months were more likely to receive public assistance than divorced men (23% versus 15%). Even five years after the divorce, mothers who remain single have only risen to 94% of their pre-divorce income, while continuously married couples have increased their income. In 2000, the median income of single-mother households was 47% that of married-couple households. Only 50% of custodial mothers have child support agreements, and 25% of mothers who have been granted support receive no payments. Custodial fathers also experience financial loss; although they tend to recover financially more quickly and rarely receive child support. Loss of income may lead to increased work time for parents, as well as a change in residence. Children living with single mothers are much more likely to live in poverty than children living with both married parents. Approximately 32.2% of people in single-mother families in poverty during the first two months of 2009 continued to be in poverty for 36 months. Increasing crime rates and substance use, with associated societal and governmental costs. Increasing emotional and mental health risks, including suicide.